God Created Adam and Eve As The First Humans

Foundational Considerations for the Adam and Eve Series

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The account of Adam and Eve is set forth within the first five chapters of the first book of the Bible, Genesis, the book of beginnings: the beginning of the universe, the beginning of man and woman, the beginning of sin, and the beginning of God's promise and plan of restoration and redemption. This brief introduction presents a handful of foundational considerations, intended to be an aid to the Adam and Eve series.

There are three divisions in Genesis regarding Adam and Eve to be considered:

First, after the original creation in 1:1, chapter 1 summarizes God's work and creativity, presenting His activity over the course of seven days. In this section are God's accomplishments, including Adam and Eve on the sixth day (1:26-28). This section begins in 1:2, and ends in 2:3. “Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.” (2:1, 3)

The second division starts with 2:4, and goes to the end of chapter four. “This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens” (2:4) This section includes details of the garden of Eden, God's creation of Adam and Eve, the deception of Eve, the disobedience of Adam, the expulsion from the garden, Cain and Abel, Cain's posterity, and the birth of Seth.

The third division starts in 5:1, recapping Adam's life, and ending with his death in 5:5. Chapter 5 goes on to list Adam's progeny through Seth, up to Noah and his sons.

On the sixth day, God reached His culminating work, Man and Woman. “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion.” (1:27, 28) The events of the sixth day are abbreviated in chapter 1, and more details of God's “hands on” formation of Adam and the making of Eve are revealed in chapter 2. Chronologically, the endowment of dominion and the directive to be fruitful, multiply, replenish and subdue would better fit at the end of chapter 2.

In 2:7, the sculpting of Adam is described. “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.” Adam's body was formed, his soul was made, and God's Spirit was created within him. Isaiah 43:7 and 1 Thessalonians 5:23 make known these three distinctions. “for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.” “May your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” The truths in Genesis 1:26 and 27 regarding the creation of Spirit in man, God's image (God is Spirit - John 4:24), are not repeated in chapter two. But it is Adam and Eve's created spiritual connection with God that is lost because of disobedience, commonly referred to as the fall of man, recorded in chapter three. This loss necessitated the promise of a redeemer, first foretold in chapter 3, verse 15.

Genesis 5:1-5 records the last details about Adam. “This is the book of the generations of Adam. And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters: And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.” (5:1, 4, 5 - KJV) The phrase “the book of the generation” appears only in Genesis 5:1 and Matthew 1:1 the book of the generations of Adam, and the book of the generation of Jesus Christ, called “the second man,” or “the last Adam,” in 1 Corinthians 15:45 and 47.

Eve is last mentioned in Genesis 4:1, and not named again in the Bible, until she is referenced in 2 Corinthians 11:3 and 1 Timothy 2:13, and 14, concerning her being deceived. Adam was the first “son of God” (Luke 3:38), but, by his disobedience, transferred his God-given dominion and authority to the Devil, forfeited his spiritual connection with God, and introduced sin and death into humanity. Romans chapter 5 discusses the results of Adam's disobedience in contrast to the obedience of Jesus Christ.

As the tree of knowledge brought about man's ruin, the tree of the cross brought about man's redemption. In 1 Corinthians 15:22, Adam is again contrasted with Jesus Christ. “For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive."”

Written by: Pete Miller