These were the words of King David in Psalm 118:25. They were written in one of many times that he had called to God for deliverance. But the significance of those words is found in his desire for prosperity. The prosperity that David wanted to see was not monetary wealth. He was not asking for material possessions. He was not seeking after political advancement. The fact is that he already had all of these things. From a worldly point of view, David already lived a life of prosperity.
What David was lacking was not in the physical realm, but rather in the spiritual. And the next verse in this psalm describes where he knew this kind of prosperity was to come from: “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD! We have blessed you from the house of the LORD.” This verse was a prophetic message, looking forward to the coming of the promised Messiah, the One who would bring spiritual restoration, and true prosperity.
This Messiah, however, was not coming as a lone ranger. Rather, He was coming in the name of God, to God's people for the purpose of connecting them to the true source of spiritual fulfillment. For Jesus to come in the name of the Lord meant that He came as a representative of Him. Everything that God is, everything that He stands for, was embodied in the person of Jesus Christ. Jesus was born bearing the mark of the One who sent Him.
While many people throughout Judea recognized who He was, there were others who denied His divine origin. But this did not stop the multitude: “The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: 'Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD! The King of Israel!'” (John 12:12-13)
The word “hosanna” in Hebrew comes from a root word meaning “to save.” It is not so much a request of salvation, but rather recognition of one's ability to save. And yet those who stood alongside the road into Jerusalem, who shouted those words to Jesus, perhaps did not understand how much they needed it. For an additional root word that “hosanna” is derived from means “to bring to one's senses.” This, spiritually speaking, was what they needed the most.
David knew from Scripture that the promised Messiah would be the one to offer salvation. But rather than provide salvation from the oppression of physical enemies, the Messiah was coming as a Savior to buy back those in bondage to the spiritual enemy, Satan. It was this kind of spiritual prosperity that David was seeking when he wrote those words. He wanted freedom from the destruction of sin, to receive true forgiveness, and to experience true spiritual peace. While this was the heart-cry of David, many of the people of Judea desired a militant deliverance from the Roman Empire more than they wanted to escape the clutches of Satan.
The people of Israel had become so desensitized to the heart of God that the sacrificial system, and the study of the Law, had become a religion rather than part of an intimate relationship with God. They were completely out of touch with who God was, and what He desired to do with and through them. The only One who could bridge the gap between the hard-heartedness of the people and their spiritual renewal was Jesus Christ, the physical representative of God Himself.